Will This Be on the Test? Transcripts
Hi everybody and welcome to Will This Be On the Test? I'm Maddie. I'm Austin. And we're here today to talk to you about some of the things you should have learned in school but didn't learn didn't learn fully or didn't learn correctly. Yeah.
I'm just looking at her blankly. I was gonna say something. But then she looked at me and it was funny and it completely ruined my train of thought.
I can't believe it's been a week this week went really quickly. It did. I realized I took two paid time off days this week, and I realized I have literally never done that in my salaried life. What in my entire salaried existence? I have never taken two vacation days in a row.
Well, as a teacher, I think I got a grand total of two or three every year and even for our wedding, even for our wedding. We got married on a normal weekend. It wasn't a long weekend, anything like that. I took Monday off afterwards. I didn't even like help with the prep work much the day before. No, granted the day before was a teacher in services which usually ended early but I didn't realize it was a district level day and those never end early. It was funny though, because the rest of my team was like, why are you here? And we Oh, it was one where we went out of town. We went out of town to go tour something.
Oh, that's right. I forgot about that. But it's okay. Um, her brother and his brothers like super like macho, he friends helped with the decorating. They make really nice pom poms. They did an amazing job. So like next time you're trying to decorate for a wedding. Just find your manliest friends and let them go because they will know how to do this just instinctively.
I took two days off in a row for the first time since I worked in hourly job and even then like my I tried to avoid it because you know you want your full 40 hours you want your your money and if you are the kind of takes a lot of days off In a lot of service industries, they stopped putting it on the schedule. So I would take a day off here day off there. This I took two days off and did pretty much nothing at the instruction of Austin. I said,
Okay, what I want you to do for me today is watch bad TV. And don't think,
yeah, back even when I was a teacher and I would take my occasional day off, I would usually have appointments, or I would have this big plan to clean the house or something that and I did have plans to clean the house during this and I did do a little we're doing more this weekend. We are actually podcasting from the most cramped room in history because Austin pulled up our carpet in the neighboring room and everything had to get moved out. So it's all here now it was
it needed to be done and we before the stay at home and everything shut down. We had arranged a large trash pickup day so we could tear out the carpet but it got canceled because of everything until we found out yesterday. That Nope, it's back on We are in a scramble to get everything like ready to go out to be garbage.
And we need to update you about the locked door room situation we mentioned last week, the bedroom that has the lock on the outside that's had some weird activity happen in it. And then I suddenly like we suddenly started thinking, Wait, are there bars on the windows?
There was something on the windows?
Yeah, there was something that was nailed or screwed in at regular intervals on the windows. Now we're not saying it definitely was bars. It could have been something else something else. Weird curtain rods situation. Yeah, like the curtain rods were definitely installed in the correct way like they drilled into the door, the window frame instead of on the sides. But guys, this house is weird. like yeah, that door. I need to post a picture post a picture of the lock remains because you can see the clear outline of this lock. And now there are potentially bars on the windows. It used to be Austin's sister's room. Yeah. And it was not locked. Then although he did, there are drawers that pull out in front of the door from a linen closet, so he used to lock her in that way.
I was a great older brother. And you know what? I love my sister. She deserved it. She went
out the window instead. Yeah, because it was on the first floor. But we asked her and she said that she had never noticed anything weird in there. But it's, it hasn't been ramping up. I've seen a couple things out of the corner of my eye in the last few days, but no full doppelgangers recently or anything.
I think it is just our human brains being bad at seeing stuff and creating what we see.
Explain the light switch. I can't but
I'm thinking a lot of it is just our human brains being bad at processing information. But see all of this started when we started talking about renovating the upstairs bedroom, and we've started renovating the upstairs bedroom. So do you think things are going to pick up again,
I think if there's something here they're gonna pick up.
That's it. I don't know if there's something that's always here or if it's just something that's like in the area that comes by Sometimes,
okay, well obviously we're gonna get a radio tuned to static and start asking questions and see if we hear voices.
I actually got an EMF detector on my phone. I know that sounds like bullshit. But it turns out that your phone has like actual metallic. That's how phone campuses and directions work is things that can be basically turned into an EMF reader. And we tested it on things that we knew had magnets and it worked. So next time something weird happens. I'm going to turn that on. And we looked at getting one of those off. I also
got you an EMF reader for Christmas last year. That's right. That's right. Did you
forget about that? I always forget about things. You know that. Yeah, I think I know where it is. We also looked at getting one of those optim optimist things up to
I know it's a it's a thing that like turns like electromagnetic readings into noise. And sometimes it sounds like voices.
Yeah, we've been watching a lot of BuzzFeed unsolved and my bad TV. I watched. I started with the most recent season of American Horror Story at the camp and that was bad. But then I went on to supernatural which is not bad.
There was an episode in which they were Scooby Doo. I didn't know that existed. I just kind of like walked in. I've been cooking and suddenly everyone's Scooby Doo and I had to stop what I was doing and watch this all
and they actually have the voice actors for Scooby Doo play their characters I didn't know Matthew Lillard was Shaggy.
That man is a treasure,
and the Scooby Doo movies, the live action ones are actually like, enjoyable.
The first one was really enjoyable. The second one was kind of mad, but oh my god, the first one.
I worked in a movie theater at the time that came out and I saw I got to see it for free. And it was so much fun. Well, let's see nothing else really to update. You all know what's going on in the world at this point and the county reopens for us on Monday and I'm very anxious about it, but nothing I can do about it. Although I did go to the doctor yesterday or I went to get lab work done. And this lab work is being done in a medical facility. It's not a standalone lab, and a dude came in not wearing a mask and couldn't figure it out because I thought medical facilities were all like mandating that like, I accidentally walked into a different building that was attached to it. And they had like a nurse out the door who was checking people in and you had to wear a mask. This one he just came in without his mask and then like shoved by the by the full phlebotomist while saying I forgot my mask. So she couldn't even like stop them because it was a kiosk check in they didn't have people there to notice him before that and it just made me really mad. Yeah, it's not hard. Like even if you did forget your mask, clear t shirt up. Do something like show that you care
who was first this week. I think it's you this time,
right? Last week was card of giant and then cats. Yep. The history there of not the musical.
And also the musical,
a little bit of musical. So I go first this week. This week, I am covering the history of birth control.
Unknown Speaker 7:49
Yeah. In school, you and I, we technically didn't go to an abstinence only school.
But we had a teacher that was pretty accurate. And it's only teaching health.
Yeah, this teacher basically told us we were going to hell if we even learned about these other things, but by God, we watched the PCP video. We watched that twice because it was near the end of the school year, and she'd given up. And so it was like, Hey, can we watch the PCP we go again? And we bullied her into it? Because he PCP? What do you like other than PCP? PCP, PCP.
Unknown Speaker 8:23
I need to look up that video and see if that's real. I
Unknown Speaker 8:25
don't think it's real. I think
it's real because we both remember it. Now. Is this as a shared hallucination? No,
I think the video is real. I don't think the dude is real. Oh, like, I think he's an actor that might be
so we didn't hate actors can do PCP too. Don't let things like this limit you actors, you can do whatever you want.
But the point is, I had more comprehensive sex ed in my Catholic school than I did in my public school. And they did that thing where they like take the piece of tape and put it on one person's hand and then put it on another and like, that's how you get STDs but still more comprehensive than what we got in high school. school we barely learned about birth control to begin with. We definitely didn't learn about the history of it, which is actually really important. And I think really interesting. So my sources cnn Web MD, Bible gateway.com, Christian Bible reference site, PBS time med blog, USA Today, before I start, yes, I have a couple of Bible resources on here. No, this is not saying if your religious beliefs are like, Hey, I don't believe in birth control. Cool you do you just don't hurt anybody else. And don't force anybody else work cool, but I actually just need to look up some facts.
So basically, we're covering a history thing and history is gonna include all of the weird Bible shit.
Yeah, like there are different belief systems on everything. And this was important because this is actually why I'm talking about it today is that the Supreme Court this week is debating whether or not religious institutions should be forced to include birth control in their insurance plan. Now as of the time we're recording this a decision has not been made. It's a group of nuns that are like really pushing this thing, which is actually kind of weird to me, because most nuns I've seen talk about this are very much like, you know, we believe that you shouldn't be having sex before marriage anyway. But we also recognize that we can't stop everybody. So we might as well make sure people are healthy. We also recognize that birth control can fix other medical issues. So just this one, I think, almost outlier group, but the Supreme Court is hearing this week whether or not religious institutions should include birth control on their insurance plans. without insurance folks, birth control can cost hundreds of dollars, like per month, and it's not just used for birth control, but we'll talk about that. So we tend to think of birth control as a modern idea. Right, right. We think that prior to the invention of the pill, women were naturally inclined to want as many children as possible as were men because, you know, I mean, this they were good farmhands, and that it's only these damned feminists who want to change this exactly. Well, the history of birth control literally begins Thousands plural years ago,
thousands of years ago,
thousands. In fact, it's even mentioned in the Bible, but it was not favorable. Genesis 38 eight through nine, a dude named Onan is told yes to impregnate his sister in law, but instead he engages in coitus interruptus, which is pulling out which folks, it's not effective. So if you're if you don't want to have kids or whatever, that's an effective method use something else. He of course was killed as a result, because the Lord did not like it. Seriously. At this point, if I remember the whole story correctly, his brother had died. So now it was his job to impregnate sister in law or boy, his brother was infertile, I can't remember which so
I'm sorry. But the method recommended by religious people is the only one proven to kill you in the Bible. Yes, wonderful.
At the time, like at the historical time in which the story is set, ish, like of course, time is relative in this. They believed that women's bodies actually had no part in the process. Assess. And it's like babies cropped up from sperm alone. So basically he had just killed a bunch of babies. Oh my god like that's the kids argument, isn't it
the argument from Legally Blonde? For those of you wondering.
Now, I also want to mention that this is of course, the Old Testament. When I went to Catholic school, we were taught that the Old Testament was supposed to be a background in history, not a textbook where the New Testament was our textbook or New Testament was where we were supposed to take our lessons from. There is no mention of anything remotely like this in the New Testament.
Oh, so now they're cool with saying the Old Testament history but when it comes to gay people be like, you know, having rights, they're suddenly against it because of the Old Testament.
Yeah, it there's a lot of hypocrisy, hypocrisy. So it's one of those things like in the 10 commandments or in the Old Testament,
so Oh my God, we can murder we can murder.
Look at the whole thing. It's so confusing, you know, because Christianity is a New Testament religion. You were supposed to use the teachings of Jesus, not the Old Testament. ifer nice stuff. That's They're or you know, what was it getting a? No, that's New Testament getting angry at a fig tree and lighting it on fire. That is absolutely
he didn't light it on fire he cursed it. He got a mind magic involved
in this victory. Again believe whatever you want to believe as long as you don't hurt anybody, but it does get really confusing especially to young people when you're told believe this part, but not this part. But you're also not allowed to cherry pick. We were told that we were supposed to leave the religion if we wanted to pick and choose the parts we agreed with.
Oh, man, you followed that there would be no one left in religion.
Hmm. So a page called Christian Bible reference site that is actually a very pro Bible site. This is not a let's debunk the Bible site. This is literally a less educated about the Bible says that contraception itself is not brought up. And while the Bible gives clear guidance on many, many moral issues, birth control is actually not one of them. So when it is made into a religious issue, it's based on individual interpretation or churches. Interpret irritation not directly from the Bible and its teachings. So I just thought that was really interesting. So let's talk about history history outside the Bible. There is a cave painting from some 15,000 years ago 15,000 a cave painting in France, it is believed to show a man wearing a rudimentary condom. We also know about condoms from the legends of Kingman Manos minus of Crete 3000 BCE and the legendary son of Zeus and Europa who apparently used goats bladders for this purpose. Goat bladders, gall bladders, those poor goats, I mean, honestly, it works yes as you could like
it is a thin, waterproof membrane it will probably work
yeah, in 1500 BCE, we know that Egyptian women attempted to control their fertility by mixing honey, sodium carbonate and crocodile done and then putting it into their vaginas prior to sex. What unfortunately for them,
they put crocodile dung and their vaginas
inside of this being probably diseases. retold? We have since learned that crocodile dung actually increased the chance of pregnancy, how it messes with your pH in a way that is advantageous to conception.
So, I guess people who are having trouble having kids get some crocodile dung all up in Please don't do it's natural. Please don't do that it's natural.
Crocodile dung essential oils.
Oh oil a crocodile done. We can make millions and prove its historic purpose.
We'd have to get a crocodile though.
We just have to go into the sewers.
The Ninja Turtles are down. They're not crocodiles. We
just use their dog. They eat a lot of pizza.
In ancient China, concubines literally drank lead and mercury to prevent pregnancy.
I mean, I guess that would work.
It did work. But it also results in horrible, horrible illness and death and 200 a Greek gynecologist how cool is it that in 200 they had gynecologists in Greece like they were advanced. Yeah, kinda I mean, it's advanced to have gynecologists, but the students are honest, told women that they shouldn't have sex during their periods if they didn't want to get pregnant, believing that this was their most fertile time, as opposed to among the least. Again, if you don't want to get pregnant, you can still get pregnant during your period. That is not birth control. He also told them that they should hold their breath during sex and sneeze afterwards as these things would also prevent contraception or perfect conception.
Hold your breath and sneeze. Yep.
I mean, it's really advanced that they had gynecologists, it means that they had people who actually thought that women's bodies were of value and needed health care. He just didn't know much yet.
I mean, we also just we just didn't know much back then. Yeah, everything was guesswork, and it worked once on this guy, so let's keep doing it.
Mm hmm. In the 10th century in Persia, women were told to jump backwards seven or nine times to dislodge sperm as seven And nine were magical numbers. Also something that won't work.
Yeah, that we all know that magical numbers are. Actually no seven is a magical number, I guess. Yeah, they're right there right. The magical number thing is right.
Yeah, no, the magical number thing. That's a real thing. But jumping up and down to prevent conception will not happen.
So it was like what cartwheels need to spend it up?
seven to nine, cartwheels. Nine cartwheels? Yes, that's exactly what you need. Good. And then I've got one that I'm curious to see what Pliny the Elder has to say about this? Because this is in the Middle Ages, which was after his time, I believe, because I don't know how time works. But this is definitely done without his clear instructions, which is probably why it didn't work. In the Middle Ages, women were instructed to wear the testicles of a weasel around their necks or thighs during intercourse to prevent pregnancy around their thighs. Getting weasel testicles, weasels, weevils, like it Is there a weasel farmer specifically for this is are these one time use only do you have to get new ones every time?
I mean did you go to the drugstore and you buy like a pack of weasel testicles they come in little packages and just unroll them
again I should I hopefully don't have to say this to you all but we also have people drink Lysol, so
don't do Don't do this.
Unknown Speaker 18:20
Like if you see a we
do not harvest this testicles. First of all, there's only a 50% chance that weasel even has testicles.
And you know, that's animal cruelty. Yes, unless you are a weasel farmer who's, I guess sterilizing or weasels for some reason. Do you? Okay, weasel farmers out there. Do you
your results? I don't think it'd be advantageous on a weasel farm. No. But I mean people also raise horses and do that. So
these are professional racing weasels.
Unknown Speaker 18:53
So I'll talk about
what happened in the 1800s a little bit more when I get to men, but birth control began to really take part take off for women in the latter part of the 1800s. And then there was this dude named Anthony Comstock. Anthony Comstock was not a scientist was not a doctor was not a politician. He was a farmer, or a rancher. I didn't write it down. He thought that the fact that women were wanting to control birth and have control over their bodies was obscene, and it was against his religion. So he took it upon himself to write an act, which somehow made it in front of Congress. This is called the Comstock Act.
Oh, this sounds familiar. I've heard this before.
never learned about this in school. I've heard the phrase it's always been kind of in context with what what's what happened on the spring court right now? Yeah, it was passed in 1873. And it disallowed the spread of information about contraceptives to both the general public and doctors. And in particular, it made it a federal offense to send this information through the mail or across state lines.
Yeah, like there was legitimate medical research being done that now could no longer be shared. Some states were like, Oh, cool. This means that we can take even more control over people's bodies. So in some states, it was flat out illegal to sell or use any kind of birth control whatsoever, including if you were married, and you could go to prison for it in some states, like Connecticut. So if they found out that a married couple was using any form of contraception in Connecticut, they could go to jail.
Unknown Speaker 20:29
Why? Who's telling them?
Yeah, it's like, it's like someone like, this is like, some man burst his room and said, Boy, that was great. I love condoms. And he gets arrested.
I have no idea. And then bear in mind, though, they were not spreading what at the time would have been medically accurate information and then think about what women in ancient Egypt were doing that never stopped. Women were still using natural remedies to decrease their fertility. Now some of them were safer but our plants you can you could eat They're things like that none of them are as foolproof as today's birth control is. But a lot of them were really dangerous. Like could kill you could render you infertile could cause diseases dangerous without appropriate medical information. Women were just doing those things. And I'd imagine there were a couple of men out there also doing
it. Oh, yeah, I'm sure
like there are men who also don't want to have kids or don't want to whatever. So, there have always been men who are also on board. The Comstock Act remained in place exactly as it was for nearly half a century. Then Margaret Sanger came along Margaret Sanger was a nurse and she actually coined the phrase birth control in 1914. She began to disseminate a newsletter called the woman rebel for which she was arrested because it contained information about contraceptives and was going through the mail and across state lines. She fled the country before going to trial. She returned to the states in 1916 and opened the country's first family planning clinic which was shut down and week and a half, she was of course arrested again. However, this resulted in the creme decision of 1918, which allowed women to use birth control for, quote, therapeutic purposes. In 1921, she created the American birth control League, which later became Planned Parenthood. So Planned Parenthood has been around in one form or another for over 100 years. At this time, though, birth control methods were still largely focused on men, condoms, women wanted some control over their bodies. So in the 1920s again, no matter what our president says Lysol does not go on the inside. Oh, no, women were dishing with Lysol?
they even had a marketing campaign that said that using it as a douche would quote, protect your married happiness and heavily implied that would work as a birth control. I'm guessing it did not know but it I mean, unless it rendered you infertile, but also I can imagine how much that would hurt like I know you don't have the parts that that would know
I've done Lysol on like, like paper. cuts and that's not pleasant, I can't
imagine. And this could have like lasting problems. Women were also using Coca Cola and this method coke has been used for everything
was this before after they had cocaine in it? 1920s so I don't think they had cocaine in it anymore. I
don't think so I went to the Coca Cola museum and they actually in the cocoa museum do not mention that at any point
that they had cocaine in it not at any point. They
really talked about it being used, being medicinal At first, they don't say what was in it. The Coca Cola also didn't work. Although interestingly, soda, like Coke has proven to be germicidal it just doesn't act quickly enough or go up into your actual uterus.
That's not in any of the commercials. Coke. It's germicidal.
Coke do not put in uterus. In 1935. Time magazine said that contraceptives had become big business with over 300 manufacturers in existence, but it wasn't until 1930 Be six that the US Circuit Court of Appeals heard the case United States versus one package. I didn't look into what that meant.
And there's lots of sex jokes about one package there
are and so I'm like, is this one man's penis fighting this
I would make a sex joke about one package but that's low hanging fruit divorce
methods versus one package ultimately allowed doctors to distribute information about contraception as well as contraceptives themselves across state lines. This did not however, overrule the state laws about contraceptives, you could still go to jail for you praising them kind of like Gosh, we have a lot of laws like that. Yeah, we have like this overarching you know, Second Amendment gun law that's like everybody can have a gun you can give one to a baby on the way out callbacks. If you if you cross from once a concealed carry state into a state that's not concealed carry and then you get a if a cop comes up to you, you can get arrested. So the law is being uneven our problem? Yep. So in 1937, the American Medical Association finally recognized birth control as part of a doctor standard practice, and in 1938, a judge lifted the federal ban on birth control, though again, states had their own laws. So it's actually really confusing. You could have information about birth control, but not necessarily birth control there, there was still a federal ban on the birth control. Just be like, Hey guys, there's this thing called condoms. You can have them but there's always been a black market for that stuff. And again, not having these things results in people doing stupid stuff to try to prevent pregnancy and making themselves sick. So like drinking mercury and lead. Yeah, and kind of back then they had legitimately no idea that was bad for you. I'm, I think by the late 1800s, they had an inkling
I know that in ancient China, like mercury was considered like part of a life sustaining elixir that would help keep you immortal when it did the exact opposite of that.
It's not something that turns people blue. Whereas I don't know silver nitrate I think silver nitrate
there's like Yeah, yeah, silver nitrate causes hypoxia. I don't remember anymore.
Now in the 1950s, singer is still around and still doing this. And she knew that we needed more than just condoms. And then by then we also had cervical caps, which were because of Charles Goodyear, which I'll talk about a little bit. Cervical caps are exactly exactly what they sound like they're made out of a similar material to condoms, but they are inside the woman's body, they go over the cervix and you have to put it in six hours before having intercourse. So that is not an effective birth control method, unless you are planning well ahead to have intercourse. And I believe I can remember I wrote it down further down or not, but it is less than 90% effective. Oh, condoms are over 90% effective birth control is almost 99% effective. When you combine condom spermicide and birth control. It is nearly like it would take God coming down and being like pregnancy for it to happen.
And that's only happened once.
Yes, yes. There's only been one case of that. So send her went to biologist Gregory Pincus, who had done experience With invert in vitro fertilization in rabbits, so in vitro has been around at least in studies since the 1950s, which is pretty cool. And because he was having successful in vitro granted
Unknown Speaker 27:09
highly fertile and asked him to research the hormones themselves that affect consumption. However, they did know that in Mexico City, a scientist named Carl Gervasi, it's DJ e AR, DJ era SS is I assume he was actually Scandinavian or something.
Unknown Speaker 27:28
Jesse maybe, um,
but in Mexico City, he had actually already created a progesterone pill out of wild yams, which could block population. Wild yams. Yeah. Sweet. Now, one thing they don't teach you about birth control is how it works. And so I'm quickly going to get into because if you decide to go talk to a doctor about birth control, they'll tell you, oh, it's a progesterone estrogen pill. But unless you ask more, they won't elaborate and so I'm going to elaborate for you. Because even though you shouldn't be I know a lot of people are still uncomfortable. Lengthening this conversation with your doctor. Also. If your doctors not willing to have any conversations find a new doctor in the body progesterone is a steroid hormone. It comes from the corpus luteum Lewisham Latin, which is a temporary endocrine gland. Women develop temporary grunt glands every month Austin. Whoa, yeah, definitely didn't learn that in school. How fucking cool is that our body creates temporary like partial organs. It's so cool. It shuts up after ovulation and causes the endometrium to prepare for pregnancy. So we did know that the endometrial layer thickens after when population would be, but we didn't know what caused by this. That's so cool. dropsies pill was able to block oscillation. So the integrating land didn't really occur or at least didn't occur as much pentas went for with his studies as well developing a synthetic hormone and testing it on animals yielding the same results as your Aussie studies. Then a gynecologist named john rock began testing it on women and in 1956, the FDA approved these pills, not for birth control. But for irregular periods, PMS and other menstrual products, or prod problems product, or let's pretend I meant tampons and not the production of ministration
Oh God, I wasn't even.
The reason it wasn't marketed as birth control is because of laws that were still on the books in many states, saying that it could prevent pregnancy would have likely resulted in a ban. So as time said, in 2010, the late 1950s had a quote, sudden epidemic of menstrual irregularity and women across the US is a joke, guys, it's a joke. It's not actually not a real thing. Women knew what it could really do. So this shows that women actually wanted this control over their bodies. They didn't want to have to do nothing but bear children all the time. And also though, it really does treat these other things like being on the pill, which is what they're saying like they don't want to cover being on the pill can actually keep you fertile. If you develop ovarian cysts, it can actually prevent the development of variances can result in your ovaries being removed, which is a non reversible sterilization method, you will never have children that way. Birth control can actually save your fertility in this way. It also can regulate mood. It can prevent cramps it can, if you have really bad periods, and you have anemia, you can get very, very ill. It can help with skin problems. It does a lot of things that are not preventing conception it just like honestly preventing conception is almost an afterthought, with all the things that can do. In 1957 gd saralyn company applied for an approval on a pill called in avoid it was designed for gynecological or disorders like bad periods because Searle didn't think women could handle taking a pill on a daily basis to begin with, but especially that was just to not get pregnant. In 1960, the FDA approved and avoid and within 202 years 500,000 women we're doing exactly what sir thought they wouldn't and taking it as a contraceptive. Well, Sarah was like, Oh shit, I was wrong. And he pushed for it to be called a contraceptive. Partially because, you know, he actually wanted women to know what it was, but mostly because money amount of money. Five years later, nearly 6.5 million women were on the pill, as it was called, probably thinks of the culture of discretion that women had with their doctors. Like going into the doctor's office. Now women even just say, I just want the pill. And they don't want to talk about it. Please talk to him about it. There are side effects. That same year, the Supreme Court was tired of the state shit and states were no longer allowed to ban birth control but only for for married couples, unmarried people were still allowed states were still allowed to not let unmarried people have access to birth control.
Well, I mean, it's okay because by 1973 70% of women married women between the ages of 15 and 44. Were using contraception and if you're getting married at 1530, I mean, yeah, who needs birth control if you're not married, Yeah, between 15 and 44 70% of women were using some kind of contraceptive in their married life. That's not just the pill. That's condoms that cervical cap sets everything because menopause usually starts around 45 Although women can be fertile until as old as about 60. So, yeah, men can be fertile until the day they die,
a concern was that women who were illiterate wouldn't be able to adhere to the strict schedule as the of the pill, you had to take it every day, you have to take it at the same time. Same thing now. Turns out being illiterate doesn't mean you don't know what day it is or what time it is.
That's it. We have I honestly can't tell you what day it is or what time it is right now. But I think that's just a product of the quarantine.
Yeah, they told women in developing countries or literacy issues, to start the pill at the New Moon, and you can see the new moon and then they would take the pill at the same time every day based basically on where the sun was in the sky like this is you don't need to be literate to know what's happening around you. You
just have to be able to have access to Sky.
Yeah. And after this long quarantine more people have access to Sky than we have in many, many years except for the mole women. In 1972, the states were finally told they could no longer ban unmarried people from using contraception. So 1972 senate hearings in the late 1960s, were about the dangers of high doses of the pill, the original dosage was 10 milligrams of progesterone and point 15 milligrams of estrogen. It might seem counterintuitive that these female hormone hormones associated pregnancy could prevent it. But working together they do estrogen alone can cause cancer. So even menopausal estrogen contains progesterone. progesterone stops the population estrogen helps prevent issues like breakthrough bleeding, which if you are a dude and don't know, that is bleeding between your periods, they had some pretty uncomfortable side effects as they do the ones today nausea, bloating so forth, but women were willing to deal with that they were worse on this higher dose pill and that was later discovered that lower doses work just as well. So those were created, and they were cheaper to make. The Senate hearings about the dangers of the medicine determined that lower doses but even beyond that were needed, and that doctors had to advise women about the additional risks that they were obese smokers had high blood pressure, or a history of blood clots for them or their family. These are still risk factors today. This is actually something that's kind of weird. The pill today is basically the pill that was developed in the 1950s. Well, it's largely the same medication. We have other options now. But it's basically the same with the same risk factors. You'd think if this was for men, you know that they would have developed something that was improved
by Oh, it please it would, it would have been perfected by now you'd take it once a year and it would taste like rum.
By the 1980s. The high dose of the 10 milligram pill was completely gone. And today you can get pills with as little as one milligram of progesterone and 20 micrograms of estrogen so they don't like today's birth control really affects everybody differently, but the effects of Usually worse, they will determine your dosage because there are still, I believe one to five milligrams of pedestrian on them. They determine your dosage based on your individual medical needs. So it's not how much do you not want to get pregnant? It's what will work best for your body and they will frequently have you reevaluate pretty often, while you're while you're beginning. So we can't though not bring up baby boomers in this. And boomers. We're actually not judging you at any point during this
well, not for this anyway.
This actually has very little to do with you other than the fact that you exist. Baby Boomers were born approximately between 1946 and 1964 and Betty Friedan's, the feminine mystique, she wrote that by the end of the 50s, the United States birth rate was overtaking India's Remember, you can be fertile through your 60s. Like there have been women who have had babies in their 70s. Granted there's usually medical intervention but not always. And you can become fertile as young as about eight. Usually it's around 13 to 15 but then the youngest mother in history gave birth at size. Do you know about this?
yeah. 550 she started developing breasts and and had a period starting at three. They never found out who the father was. But obviously, it's assumed that it's a relative. So she had the baby. She didn't really understand what happened. He was raised as her brother. And I believe she actually outlived him. Anyway, but yeah, no, that's totally true. Look it up. She I believe she lived in Peru and then ended up in Chicago. So in the 1950s people got married younger than now. So like I said, women between 15 and 44. using birth control, women got married even younger than 15. And meaning they frequently had several kids before they even hit their mid 20s. As we were taught and how class repeatedly The only absolute method of birth control is abstinence, but it's rare for couples to want to live that way for most of their marriage. If a woman's like I'm done having kids and I'm 20 that means 25 to 35 two more years of no sex at all. I mean, again, if that's your choice, you go
Unknown Speaker 37:05
you do you, but that is very unlikely. So they needed something else. Between the fact that women had begun really entering the workforce during World War Two and realized, Hey, I can do the same shit as men and the civil rights law of 1964, more doors were open, and women didn't want to return to the home exclusively, not all women, but a lot. The pill then added to that women for the first time ever were able to choose when to have children, and they could do it to structure around their college degrees or their jobs. And I just say when and not if, because back then it still wasn't really a choice. Birth control was not was not usually considered a method to never have children. It was just a method to control how many and when there obviously were women who used it to never have kids, but the socially acceptable norm was to use it in that way. In the 1970s. There are more senate hearings about the safety of the pill, but it seemed to be more of a How can we control these women's bodies Is there a How can we keep them as healthy question? Today? That question is not as hidden as it was then. In the debates on birth control, the question is almost never is it safe barring new medications? Of course, it's how can we prevent them from getting it? If the question today was, is it safe? The answer is yes. Barring specific reactions, and it's actually safer for some women than not being on it. I mentioned the system she already I just brought it up too early. So yeah, it's actually safer for some people to be on it. So if you hear someone's on birth control, but they're a good Christian, don't assume it's because they're going against whatever principles they've told you it could be like literally saving their fertility or making them not go all stabby during their period.
I for one, appreciate not being stabbed.
Women today have other options as well. The permanent one that doesn't send you into menopause. Obviously hysterectomy does send you an image I've heard women say that they want their uterus removed to ensure they don't have kids like know that since the into immediate menopause, getting your tubes tied, doesn't having your tubes Basically your fallopian tubes are cut or blocked. I believe they used to be burned. I didn't go too deeply into it. But now they can like basically stick like a little piece of silicon or something up there, and it blocks the eggs from coming down. And less than 1% of women have this go wrong. It is permanent. For less for over 90% of women. We also bring IUD Skin Patches and injections and the old school ones, like the pills and surgical caps and all that we have a lot of options. So if you're wanting to use birth control, figure out which one works for you compare the success rates. Take the risks that you want to take with that, I guess, but the pill is the most effective form of birth control other than having your Tuesday. Now I told you I'm talking about men. Good. Finally,
I know it's like we've been talking about women for so long and no one ever talks about men we are never the center of all conversation. Well, the thing I was being incredibly sarcastic Please don't kill me.
Well, the birth control conversation does tend to focus exclusively on women like even in your health. classes you probably were taught more about condoms and about the pill. Yeah, when you had those gender separated comp classes, I'm sure you were taught about condoms. Yes, women were taught this is what your period is. At least in my experience, we were not taught. This is how you get pregnant. We were not taught this is birth controls it was your body is changing. And also your shoulders will sexually attracted men. So dress modestly.
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